4.0 Introduction


This chapter will discuss the results of questionnaire survey that our group did on 60 respondents from 2BCN students at faculty FSKKP. The result was decoded and converted into charts and graphs. Graphs were produced to show the different gender of respondents, distribution of respondents from 2BCN students, causes of plagiarism and last graph demonstrate the way to prevent plagiarism. Charts are produced to demonstrate frequency of causes the plagiarism.

4.1 Demographic Information
gender.JPG

Figure 4.1: Gender of 60 respondents.


Figure 4.1 demonstrates the total of respondents from both genders male and female. From that graph, number of respondent does questionnaire is 34 male and 26 female. As a conclusion, male are majority respondent answered the questionnaire.


section.JPG


Figure 4.2: Section of 60 respondents.


Figure 4.2 demonstrated total of student from 2BCN student were answered the questionnaire survey from different sections. 2BCN student have 4 sections which is BCN 21, 2 students answering the questionnaire, BCN 22 is 12 students, BCN 23 is 28 students and BCN 24 is 18 students. This can be concluded, respondents from BCN 23 is majority answered the questionnaire survey.




4.2 Causes of plagiarism

causes.JPG

Figure 4.3: Causes of plagiarism.


The causes of do not have a good time management and always plagiarize to complete any task or assignment have highest rate on “agree” and lowest rate on “disagree completely” by respondents. “Agree” has 25 respondents, “disagree” has 16 respondents, and “agree completely” has 15 respondents and remaining 4 respondents on “disagree completely”. To get highest result in examination also have highest rate on “agree” and lowest rate at “disagree completely” by respondents. There are “agree”, “agree completely”, “disagree” and “completely disagree” which make up 24, 16, 14 and 6 respondents respectively.
The last causes easy to access or find the information over the internet, so that is easier for student to plagiarize has highest rate on “agree completely” and lowest rate on “disagree completely” by respondents. For easy to access or find the information over the internet, so that is easier for student to plagiarize, there are 22 respondents on “agree completely”, 20 respondents on agree, 15 respondents “disagree” and the remaining 3 respondent on “disagree completely”. According to result of our research, lack of confident to do something has the highest rate as “agree” where as laziness has the lowest rate as agree. It can be concluded that probably student have a lack of confident to do something and also laziness always do plagiarize in order to complete the task or assignment.


4.2.1 Discussion for causes of plagiarism

Section 4.2.1 describes the causes why student always do plagiarism. The first element from the questionnaire is lack of confident to do something. By knowing this, we can know if student have lack of confident, probably student will plagiarize do finish their assignment. This information lets us know that if confident is important thing to do something. The student itself must have confident about their self to do something. A study done by Beasley (2004) show no confident or fear make student always wants to plagiarize. The next element from questionnaire is always wants to plagiarize from someone else work. That mean not majority student always want plagiarize to do their work. This element is important to investigate the interested of student want to learn or do something by desire.
Not understanding the rules also an important cause’s students do plagiarize. This information let us know, understanding the rules is important thing. . A study done by Hart and Friesner (2004) shown understanding the rule is important to avoid the plagiarism. If take other people idea, credit must declare clearly. Other than that, one of the elements contain in the questionnaire is laziness. The information let us know, when student have lazy behavior, the like to plagiarize to complete the task or assignment. Otherwise, do not have a good time management and always plagiarize to complete any task and assignment is other causes of plagiarism. The information let us know time management must schedule and student must consistent with the time. A study done by Park (2003), shown time management must clearly define to avoid stress and do plagiarism. The result is similar to the Hart and Friesner (2004) statement which is student not has a good time management and always plagiarizes to complete any task or assignment.


4.3 Ways to prevent plagiarism


way.JPG

Figure 4.4: Ways to Avoid Plagiarism


Figure 4.4 illustrates the rate of ways to avoiding plagiarism in 2BCN students. According to the figure, that show what should do when teacher tells about plagiarism, easy or difficult to avoid plagiarism and what should do when friend ask to copy paste assignment. About the first ways to avoid plagiarism has 23 respondents which are listening carefully. 15 respondents for think and remember, 13 respondents for all of above and 9 respondents for listen and take notes. The second ways is easy or difficult to avoid plagiarism which is has 19 respondents say difficult because hard to separate ideas from others. 18 respondents say easy because already know about causes of plagiarism and want to make changing. Others, 17 respondents say difficult because lack of confidence to avoid that. The rest, 6 respondents say easy because of teachers has told how to avoid it. The last way to avoid plagiarism is about what should do when friend asks to copy and paste assignment. From that figure, it shown 21 respondents have told not finished yet the assignment. 18 respondents say ask him/her back why don’t you do it yourself. Others, 11 respondents say tell that is wrong and not to plagiarize. The rest is 10 respondents which is say just give the assignment to your friend.

Base of the reading above, it can be concluded that majority for respondents at UMP student already know how to prevent the plagiarism in studying. There only need an advice from teachers to remind them about plagiarism and always beware to doing something for not make any plagiarism.


way_laziness.JPG

Figure 4.5: Ways to overcome laziness.


In section 4.2, the study state that one of the reasons they plagiarize is due to laziness. Then, a question was included to find the ways to overcome laziness. Figure 4.5 show that the ways to overcome laziness. The graphs summarize the number of respondents which is assign student different varieties of task, give deadline to submit their works, ask student to make oral presentation and also always remind student not to plagiarize. From this graph, we can see that the highest is, give deadline to submit their works which is 25 respondents. The second highest is make an oral presentation with has 16 respondents. The third is assign student different varieties of task with 15 respondents. The lowest is reminding students not to plagiarize which have 4 respondents only. Base of the reading above, it can be concluded that best way to overcome laziness is give deadline to students to submit their work. From that, students will always thinking about their works and must to finish their own.

way_prevent.JPG

Figure 4.6: Best way to prevent plagiarism


Figure 4.6 illustrates the percentage of the best way to prevent plagiarism. From the chart, it can be seen that 50% of respondents’ choice teachers should educate students about plagiarism and how to avoid it. 20% of respondents prefer become aware of the reason plagiarism occur. Another 17% of respondents prefer to assign due date in students assignment. Then 13% respondents says integrate plagiarism prevention into course study. From this chart, it can be concluded that most of the respondents agree with teachers must educate students about plagiarism by explaining what it is and how to avoid it.

way_avoid.JPG

Figure 4.7: Analysis of successfully avoiding plagiarism


In the case study, a question state to analysis about successfully can avoid plagiarism or not. Figure 4.7 illustrates the analysis of successfully avoiding plagiarism. The graphs summarize the number of respondents that successfully can avoid plagiarism, not successfully avoid plagiarism and not sure. From this graph, we can see that the highest is, successfully can avoid plagiarism which is 26 respondents. The second highest is not sure with 23 respondents. The lowest is not successfully avoiding plagiarism with 11 respondents only. Now, we know the respondents have a confident to successfully avoid plagiarism. However, respondents that not sure also must to look further and this is cause by the respondents do not know what plagiarism is and how to overcome the plagiarism. From this figure, the ways to prevent plagiarism must to improve.



4.3.1 Discussion for ways to prevent plagiarism

Section 4.3 describes about the ways to prevent plagiarism. That is the second element from the questionnaire which is preventing plagiarism among students. From the data in figure 4.4, most of respondents say difficult to prevent plagiarism because it’s hard to separate ideas from others. This information lets us know that there are not confident to avoid plagiarism own self and need assistant or guideline to make changes. Park (2003) says “Plagiarism by students is a moral maze, because it raises important ethical and moral questions about good/bad or right/wrong behavior and about acceptable unacceptable practices”.

The next element is ways to overcome laziness. That shown in figure 4.5 which is has 25 respondents agree with give deadline to submit works. This element is included in questionnaire to know whether respondents already know the ways to overcome laziness and also want to know the best way to overcome laziness from respondents’ opinion. Laziness is the natural problem in studying among students and they always plagiarize because of that. From this figure 4.5, the best way to prevent laziness is teachers should give deadline to student for submitting their works. Beasley (2004) says “If laziness is a motivating factor, the current climate of easy access to information that can be stolen provides ample temptation”.

Other than that, one of the elements contained in the questionnaire is the best way to prevent plagiarism in studying. That shown in figure 4.6 which is has 50% respondents agree to educate students about plagiarism by explaining what it is and how to avoid it. Most of the students did not know what plagiarism is and also didn’t know the ways to avoid that. From that analysis, teachers are the important role to solve this problem. Teachers should know about plagiarism very well and always advice or educate students for not plagiarize. It is similar to Suarez and Martin (2001) statement that assign due dates for the students to turn in the selected topic or assignment.

The last element in the survey is about analysis of successfully avoiding plagiarism. It shown in figure 4.7 which is has 25 respondents can successfully avoid plagiarism, 23 respondents not sure and 11 respondents are not successfully avoid plagiarism. Base of the reading above, it can be concluded that majority respondents at UMP student already know how to prevent the plagiarism in studying. There only need an advice from teachers to remind them about plagiarism and always beware to doing something for not make any plagiarism. For those are not sure either can avoid plagiarism or not, they should educate themselves with causes of plagiarism and must learn more about plagiarism from their teachers. Furthermore, the result is similar to the Sharkey and Culp (2005) statement which is about promoting information literacy includes teaching students about plagiarism.